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Prompt Engineering – Basic Prompt Guide

    Introduction to Prompt Engineering

    If you’re just starting out, the concept of prompt engineering might seem complex, but it’s essentially about using words to illustrate the image you want to create. This guide will walk you through the fundamental elements of crafting a prompt, giving you the tools to bring your imagination to life.

    1. Core Prompt

    Understanding the Central Theme

    The core prompt is a simple way to describe the main theme, subject, or figure in your prompt. Examples include:

    • Panda
    • A warrior with a sword
    • Skeleton

    These core prompts often form the foundation of your creation. While they can work well with newer models, they might lack specificity and quality in earlier models.

    2. Style

    The Importance of Style

    Style plays a vital role in your prompt. If the AI model doesn’t recognize the requested style, it usually defaults to something common, like realism or an oil painting style. Common styles include:

    • Realistic
    • Oil painting
    • Pencil drawing
    • Concept art

    You can invoke a style in various ways, such as:

    • A photo of [core prompt]
    • [Core prompt], hyperrealistic
    • An oil painting of [core prompt]

    Experimenting with different styles can lead to unique and captivating results.

    3. Artist

    Incorporating Artist Styles

    To add specificity or coherence to your image, you can include artists’ names in your prompt. For an abstract image, you might add “in the style of Pablo Picasso” or simply “Picasso.” Some notable artists to consider are:

    • Portrait Artists: John Singer Sargent, Edgar Degas
    • Oil Painters: Leonardo DaVinci, Vincent Van Gogh
    • Landscape Artists: Thomas Moran, Claude Monet

    Mixing artists’ names can lead to intriguing and original art.

    4. Finishing Touches

    Perfecting Your Prompt

    Finishing touches are the extra elements that make your prompt truly shine. Examples include:

    • Highly-detailed, surrealism
    • Sharp focus, matte, elegant
    • Dark, gloomy, dramatic lighting

    These touches can add depth and character to your creation.

    Advanced Topics

    Prompt Weighting

    Prompt weighting allows you to control certain elements in your composition, such as colors or objects. You can increase or decrease these elements to achieve the desired effect.

    Negative Prompting

    Negative prompts enable you to tell the model what not to generate. This can help eliminate unwanted details and refine your image.


    Prompt engineering empowers you to have better control over your images. When done correctly, it can significantly enhance image quality and composition. It’s a powerful tool that unlocks endless creative possibilities.